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Little by little the title Lauds was applied to the whole office, and supplanted the name of Matins. The general features, however, remain the same; it is the office of the dawn (Aurora), the office of sunrise, the morning office, the morning praises, the office of cock-crow ( Gallicinium, ad galli cantus ), the office of the Resurrection of Christ .In the ancient authors, however, from the fourth to the sixth or seventh century, the names Matutinum, Laudes matutinae , or Matutini hymni , are used to designate the office of daybreak or dawn, the Office of Matins retaining its name of Vigils. At an earlier period than that of the fifth and fourth centuries, we find various descriptions of the Morning Office in Cassian, in Melania the Younger, in the "Peregrinatio Ætheriae", St. Nowhere better than at Jerusalem, in the "Peregrinatio Ætheriae", does this office, celebrated at the very tomb of Christ, preserve its local colour.
It will be noticed that, in general, the other psalms used at Lauds have also been chosen for special reasons, because one or other of their verses contains an allusion either to the break of day, or to the Resurrection of Christ, or to the prayer of the morning which, as we shall presently point out, are the raison d'être of this office. An effort has been made to reconstruct it in accordance with the Antiphonary of Bangor, but this document, in our opinion, gives us but an extract, and not the complete office (cf. lxvi), and finally the last three psalms, "Laudate Dominum de coelis", "Cantate Domino canticum novum", and "Laudate Dominum in sanctis ejus" (Pss. Liturgically, the elements of Lauds have been most harmoniously combined, and it has preserved its significance better than other Hours. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2018 Catholic Online.cxlviii-cl), are recited every day without exception. Any unauthorized use, without prior written consent of Catholic Online is strictly forbidden and prohibited.The name is certainly derived from the three last psalms in the office (148, 149, 150), in all of which the word laudate is repeated frequently, and to such an extent that originally the word Lauds designated not, as it does nowadays, the whole office, but only the end, that is to say, these three psalms with the conclusion.The title Ainoi (praises) has been retained in Greek. Benedict also employs this term to designate the last three psalms ; post haec [viz, the canticle ] sequantur Laudes (Regula, cap. In the fifth and sixth centuries the Office of the Lauds was called Matutinum , which has now become the special name of another office, the Night Office or Vigils, a term no longer used ( see MATINS ). Naturally, in proportion as we advance, greater varieties of the form of the Office are found in the different Christian provinces.
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Liberia had its origin in the scheme of the American Colonization Society to found in Africa a place to which free blacks and persons of African descent might return from the United States.